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HomeMy WebLinkAbout0307 - LESS LETHAL SHOTGUNRed Wing Police Department Policy SUBJECT: POLICY NUMBER LESS LETHAL SHOTGUN 307 EFFECTIVE DATE March 1, 2017 REFERENCE(S): APPROVED BY: ENACTED DATE CHIEF ROGER D. March 17, 2012 POHLMAN PURPOSE: This policy addresses the training and use of less lethal weapons and projectiles. The Red Wing Police Department recognizes that combative, non-compliant, armed, and/or violent subjects cause handling and control problems that require special training and equipment and that circumstances arise that can exceed the capabilities of the routinely carried less lethal weapons systems. This department has adopted the less lethal force philosophy to assist with the de-escalation of these potentially violent confrontations. 1. DEFINITIONS A. Less Lethal Force: A concept of planning and force application, which meets operational objectives, with less potential for causing death or serious physical injury than conventional police tactics. B. Subject: The person who is the focus of the operation. C. Less Lethal Shotgun: A 12 gauge shotgun either modified for or designed specifically to be used with less lethal shotgun ammunition. The stock and forend will be painted "orange" in color. D. Less Lethal Shotgun Ammunition: Shotgun ammunition designed specifically to reduce the risk of serious injury or death to the subject at which it is fired. The authorized 12 gauge less lethal shotgun ammunition used by the Red Wing Police Department will be the 12 gauge tri -tail drag stabilized "sock" rounds or flexible bean bag rounds. 2. DEPLOYMENT AREAS: A. The less lethal projectiles will be delivered to subject(s) target area based on the level of force authorized. B The appropriate target areas for less lethal shotgun, based on potential for injury, are as follows: 1. Primary: These areas will be considered when incapacitation is necessary, and a minimal potential for injury is the appropriate response. These areas include the lower abdomen above the Page 1 of 4 LESS LETHAL SHOTGUN -POLICY 307 groin, lower back of the torso, front and back of the legs above the knee joints, and the buttocks. 2. Secondary: These areas will be considered when an escalation of force beyond primary areas is necessary and appropriate, acknowledging an increase in the potential for death or serious physical injury. These areas include the joints of the extremities such as knees and elbows and the groin. 3. Head and Neck: Intentional impacts to these areas will be avoided unless the appropriate spine. 3. DEPLOYMENT: use of deadly force is justified, necessary, and Specifically, these areas include the head, neck and A. The less lethal qualified officer's authorized Less Lethal Shotgun will be carried and applied as follows: 1. Officers/ squad cars with issued shotguns dedicated as less lethal shotguns will have the stocks and forends orange so they can be quickly identified as a dedicated less lethal shotgun. Officers will NOT carry or store any other type of live ammunition with that shotgun other than the issued less lethal rounds. The officer is solely responsible for the condition of the weapon, require inspection at the start of their shift to ensure that the weapon is in operational condition and must immediately report any issues with the departments training officer. 2. The less lethal shotgun will be carried/stored in the patrol squad car, and/ or at Red Wing High School and River Bluffs Education Center with NO round chambered and the magazine containing Less Lethal Ammunition ONLY (Squad Ready). The chamber will be closed with the weapon on safe. Less Lethal rounds may be carried in the sidesaddle or other spare round carry device (if equipped). 3. When application is needed, the officer will retrieve the shotgun, inspect the chamber to ensure weapon is clear, and then load the less lethal rounds by visually inspecting the shotgun before chambering the less lethal round. The sidesaddle or other spare round carry device (if equipped) will be filled with less lethal rounds ONLY. B. The officer qualified to deploy less lethal shotgun ammunition will carry their assigned less lethal shotgun and the approved less lethal rounds within ready access (in squad car rack, or gun safe) at all times during his/her tour of duty. Page 2 of 4 LESS LETHAL SHOTGUN -POLICY 307 C. Officers will qualify with their assigned less lethal shotgun, shooting department approved less lethal rounds at least once annually. D. Before deploying less lethal shotgun, the officer will consider: 1. The level of force being confronted. 2 The proximity/access of subject(s) to officer(s). 3. The likelihood the deployment will be successful. 4. The number of Officers available (3 Officers minimum for use) E. The typical application procedure for the less lethal weapon system is as follows.. 1. Whenever possible, use contact cover principle with Less Lethal being contact and the Cover Officer having lethal force ready. 2. If enough officers are available, use one or two person apprehension teams in conjunction with Less Lethal and Lethal Cover Officer. 3. Request emergency traffic on LMain2 or other dispatch -assigned talk group. 4. Announce "LESS LETHAL OUT" over the radio when less lethal shotgun is taken out of the squad rack (or gun safe). 5. When at all possible before firing announce "LESS LETHAL" at least twice, this will alert other Officers that you are not using a deadly force firearm application. 6. Discharge the less lethal being sure to aim at one of the approved target areas. Repeated rounds may be discharged if the first is not effective. 7. After subject is secure, announce "LESS LETHAL SECURED", and re -open talk group. 8. The on -duty supervisor, or senior officer, if there is no on -duty supervisor, shall be notified. 9. Subject shall receive medical attention from ambulance staff if struck with less lethal ammunition as soon as practical. 10. If the subject receives injury from the less lethal round, these injuries shall be photographed and the photographs maintained as evidence. 11. If the subject's demeanor or other circumstances do not allow for photos to be obtained, such demeanor or circumstances shall be documented in the incident report. 12. A complete and detailed report must be submitted in a reasonable amount of time after an officer is involved in the use of a less lethal shotgun in a use of force or deadly force situation. The report would also include the Resistance /Response Report. The report shall be submitted to the Chief of Police or their designee. 13. A Minnesota Firearms Discharge Report must be completed and filed prior to the next business day. 4. TRAINING: Page 3 of 4 LESS LETHAL SHOTGUN -POLICY 307 Officers designated as "Less -Lethal Operators" must receive initial comprehensive training on less lethal shotgun munitions by a certified less lethal shotgun instructor before being certified by the department to use the less lethal rounds in the field. Upon being certified, officers must receive annual refresher training to maintain their certification. 5. FORCE CONSIDERATION: A. The use of less lethal shotgun ammunition is considered an impact weapon and use of force consideration will fall between the baton and firearm when discharged to areas of the suspect's body that are considered unlikely to cause death or serious physical injury. B. The use of less lethal shotgun ammunition is considered Firearm/Deadly Force, if intentionally discharged to the head or neck. Page 4 of 4 LESS LETHAL SHOTGUN -POLICY 307