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HomeMy WebLinkAbout0305 - CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAYRed Wing Police Department Policy SUBJECT: POLICY NUMBER CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAY 305 EFFECTIVE DATE March 12, 2018 REFERENCE(S): APPROVED BY: ENACTED DATE: CHIEF ROGER D. March 15, 2010 POHLMAN COMMENT: It is important that officers have at their disposal a non -lethal, non -injurious intermediate method of force application. This role is filled by Chemical Aerosol Sprays, which temporarily disable a subject or animal without causing injury. PURPOSE: To establish guidelines for the use of chemical aerosol sprays that are consistent with State and Department Use of Force requirements. 1. EQUIPMENT A. Chemical Aerosol Spray 1. Chemical aerosol spray of a type approved by the Department shall be carried on the duty belt of all uniformed officers of a rank of Sergeant and below in a Department approved holster. 2. Chemical aerosol spray of a type approved by the Department shall be carried by all non-uniform officers of a rank of Sergeant and below in either a duty carry bag or in their department vehicle in such a manner so as to be readily accessible. B. Conditions For Carrying 1. Only full-time, community service, reserve officers and parking attendants who have successfully completed a chemical aerosol spray class given by the departments Training Officer, or other departmental Use of Force Instructor, may carry a chemical aerosol spray. 2. Only full-time officers are authorized to carry chemical aerosol spray while off duty. 3. Community service, reserve officers and parking attendants may carry chemical aerosol sprays only when on duty. Page 1 of 5 CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAY -POLICY 305 4. Officers may be prohibited from carrying the chemical aerosol spray on special assignments or during certain circumstances when directed by a command officer or supervisor. 5. As part of the required departmental training, all staff authorized to carry chemical aerosol spray shall be exposed at least once to the effects of the chemical aerosol spray. 2. USE OF CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAYS A. Members of this department must use only chemical aerosol sprays authorized and furnished by the Red Wing Police Department and only in accordance with this policy. 1. When to use. a. The goal of law enforcement officers in any situation is to maintain control using the minimum force necessary to accomplish this goal. b. Each force option must be considered in terms of its likelihood to gain control compared to its likelihood to cause damage or injury. C. In evaluating all options, the final consideration must be officer and bystander safety. d. One second bursts are recommended. e. Chemical aerosols should be tested at least quarterly to ensure that they are operational. Test the unit outdoors with a one second burst. 2. Permissible uses of chemical aerosol sprays. a. In the necessary defense of self or another from bodily injury when other means have failed or can be articulated as impractical if used. b. To effect the arrest or legal action taken against another when resistance is encountered and other means have failed or can be articulated as impractical if used. C. To subdue a person who has threatened bodily harm to themselves or another, when other means have failed or can be articulated as impractical if used. d. When acting under the guidelines of the Red Wing Police Department Use of Force policy, #300. Page 2 of 5 CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAY -POLICY 305 e. In the necessary defense of self or another from a potentially dangerous animal. 3. Prohibited uses. Chemical aerosol sprays will not be used to subdue any person already under control, restrained or in custody, who is creating noise or engaging in other irritating disturbances. 3. FIRST AID AND DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURES - CHEMICAL SPRAYS A. First aid and decontamination procedures will be offered to persons sprayed with a chemical aerosol spray as soon as it is safe and practical to do so. The following decontamination methods are recommended for persons exposed to chemical aerosol spray. 1. Remove person from spray area. 2. Have person blow their nose to remove chemical residue. 3. Tell person to flush their eyes with a saline solution or cool water. If the person wears contact lenses, have them remove them immediately and clean them thoroughly before reuse. 4. Tell the person to flush affected skin areas with water. 5. Tell the person to machine wash affected clothing. If the person will be held in custody, inform the custodial personnel of the chemical contamination and the need to machine wash the garments. 6. Seek or grant professional medical help if the person requests it, if the person complains of injury, or if you think the person needs medical attention. 7. If the person refuses to decontaminate, inform the person that the effects will wear off in time. B. The following are recommended decontamination procedures for buildings exposed to chemical aerosol sprays. 1. Open all windows and doors. 2. Wash all affected areas with soap and water. 3. In about 45 minutes the building and affected areas should be clear of the chemical spray residues. 4. If chemical aerosol was sprayed on food in containers, wash the containers. If the food itself was exposed to the spray, throw it away. Page 3 of 5 CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAY -POLICY 305 4. GENERAL PRECAUTIONS A. Avoid using chemical aerosol sprays in the vicinity of infants and adolescents as their respiratory systems are not fully developed. B. Avoid placing suspects in a prone position after they have been sprayed with chemical aerosol. Their breathing may be adversely affected. This is particularly true for obese persons. C. Avoid touching your eyes or sensitive parts of your body after using chemical aerosol. Some of the chemical residue will be on your hands and will cause inflammation of these tissues. D. Do not medicate irritated tissues with salves, ointments, or creams. This will trap the chemical against the skin not allowing it to dissipate, causing prolonged irritation. 5. NOTIFICATION A. Any officer who exhausts a chemical aerosol spray shall, as soon as possible after use, turn in the exhausted canister for replacement. B. Documentation is of critical importance. Any use or display of a chemical aerosol spray shall be reported in the officer's incident report and on the Subject Resistance/Response Report as required by the Use of Force Policy, #300. C. Any officer who is contaminated from a chemical aerosol spray shall complete a First Report of Injury form as soon after contamination as practical. D. Any officer who is contaminated from chemical aerosol spray shall complete an EFFECTS OF CONTAMINATION form as soon after the contamination as practical. A. AUTHORIZED CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAY "SABRE RED" Oleoresin Capisicum (OC) aerosol spray, by Security Equipment Corporation, as provided through the Department. Page 4 of 5 CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAY -POLICY 305 Chemical Aerosol Spray — Policy 305 Summary of Changes: Policv Effective Date: Chanaes March 12, 2018 - Removed any reference to "Part -Time" employees. - Changed Use Of Force Report to Subject Resistance/Response Report. - Changed Policy number from 17 to 305. - Removed fluid ounces size for issued aerosol. Page 5 of 5 CHEMICAL AEROSOL SPRAY -POLICY 305